State of Drought Condition in S/land: An Assessment Report Conducted in Eastern Regions and M/Jeex Region

  1. Executive Summary
  • Pre-drought conditions, including depleted berkeds and shallow wells, as well as a loss of pasture, were observed during the assessment, especially in Sool, Sanaag and Togdheer regions.
  • 50% of assessed communities reported displacement of populations related to water shortage, which took place since October 2020. At least, an estimated 17,700 people in the 20 assessed locations have been Migrated due to poor Deyr rain in the past 2 -3 months.
  • Out of 40 communities covered by the assessment, it was reported that there are 118 shallow wells, of which only 29 have some water (25%). Besides, 27 % of assessed Berkeds are already depleted and 25 % have less than half of water.
  • In all communities assessed in Sool, Sanaag and Togdheer, the water price per jerrican has increased compared to the normal time. On average, the price of water per jerrican is now 2.6 times higher than before.
  • 85% of the assessed communities raises concerns over the lack of water for livestock, and 83% of the communities expressed a lack of pasture.
  • More than half of the assessed communities estimate that due to the current poor Deyr rain, most of the pasture would dry up. More concerns were raised among the communities in Togdheer region in which 80% of assessed communities consider that the situation is critical.
  • 13 out of 40 assessed locations (33%), the community reported an increase in waterborne diseases in the last four weeks.
  • As of December 2020, although the current situation is not yet the peak of the drought, the risk of the deterioration of drought in the coming months (early 2021) is very high. The immediate response of water provision, as well as anticipatory and early actions, are necessary to mitigate the shocks.